Nepal is a South Asian country, completely locked by the land portions of China in the north and India in the west, south and east. Tourists, specially the mountaineers and trekkers visit Nepal in large number every year. It is because this country is situated in the higher and middle Himalayan ranges and has 250 peaks whose altitude is above 20000 ft.
Researches prove that the name of Nepal is an ancient one. According to the local legend, a Hindu sage or sadhu, named Ne, came to Nepal, started living in the valley of Kathmandu, now the capital of Nepal, and protected the people. The Sanskrit word for protect or nurture is ‘pala’. It is said that this place got its name from these two words, ‘Ne’ and ‘pala’.
Nepal never stops to woo you. The unparallel beauty of this small country can only be felt through active experience. Mighty mountains, green valleys, beautiful rice terrace, Himalayan forests and so many things are to watch, to do, to experience there. Exotic towns and villages like Kathmandu, Sagarmatha base camp, Lumbini, Annapurna, Nagarkot, Begnas Lake, Phewa Taal, Poon Hill etc are waiting to amaze you.
Interesting stories, historical and architectural marks, medieval temples etc gather numerous tourists here each year. Kathmandu valley is one of those places in the whole world which has most densely World Heritage Site. This place witnessed several legends and dynasties from the beginning.
Spreading at almost 7629 sq km of the Annapurna Range of Himalayan range in western part of Nepal, Annapurna Conservation Area is the biggest protected area of Nepal, managed by NTNC and gives shelter to over 1000 species of plants, around 100 mammals, over 440 birds, numerous reptiles and amphibians. Kaligandaki River created here the deepest valley of the world.
Even with a little thrill for adventures, most of the people do not miss trekking to the base camp of Mt Everest and Kala Pathar. Along with enjoying the breath taking scenario of higher Himalayas, visit the Thyangboche Monastery, Namche Bazar and the village of courageous Sherpa people on the way.
A ridge of hilltop in Changu village holds one of the ancient temples of Nepal, Changu Narayan. The architectural, religious and historical sense of ancient Nepal reflects on this pagoda styled structure of the temple. Lord Vishnu is worshipped here as Narayana and the carvings, sculpture and paintings here explains that.
The southern part of Pokhara valley has a semi-natural freshwater lake named Phewa Lake. Spreading over an area of 2 sq mi, this is the second largest lake in Nepal. The surrounding is very pleasant. There is Tal Barahi Temple in the centre of the lake.
Extra-ordinary carvings in ancient palaces, shrines and courtyards make Durbar Square a pilgrimage for religious people and historians. It is among the heritage sites of Kathmandu valley and significant as an example of architecture of Newa people.
Situated on the banks of Bagmati River, this holy Hindu temple witnessed a long era of centuries and executes them in the paintings, ashrams, walls scriptures, inscriptions etc. the inner and outer courtyard of the temple complex have lots of parts which are visited thousands of people from the entire world.
Upper Mustang visit is excellent way of living the life of true mountain people. It gives a feeling of trekking in Tibet as geographically this part of Mustang is a part of Tibetan plateau. Even during the monsoon, it receives occasional rainfall and thus suitable for trekking throughout the year.
In the West Nepal, Shuklaphanta Wildlife Reserve provides awesome opportunity of wide open grassland, Himalayan Rivers, green woods, tropical wetlands and vast wildlife. Covering almost 305 sq km of area, it is a home to 46 species of mammals, 423 species of birds, 28 fish species and 12 of reptiles and amphibians, 700 species of grass, flowers plants and trees.
No other stupa of Nepal is as graceful and pure as Boudhanath. The structure of the stupa symbolises Lord Buddha’s path of enlightenment. The plinth of the sphire stands as air, the stupa represents earth, the harmika (square tower) refers to fire, the kumbha or dome represents water and umbrella at the top is the void or ether beyond space.
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